T-shirt producers use numerous terms to illustrate their goods. The terms usually are not always consistent and it assists to have a reference guide.
The following is the state Green Man T-shirts Help guide to understanding t-t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s solitary: Device of measurement that defines the fineness of natural cotton thread. A typical spool of solitary-ply natural cotton line is comprised of 840 back yards of natural cotton line. When it requires 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools consider one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s natural cotton thread, or 30/1. If it requires 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the line on those spools is called 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher amount indicates a finer line, and so a finer, much softer fabric is produced. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and forties are much softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are utilized different ways, but it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be twisted with each other into heavier strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted together, it will be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Even though rayon is a man-made artificial material, most professionals concur it really is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is very smooth and it has excellent drape.
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Bamboo: Fast expanding herb, considered a lawn, which can be easily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Clean: An activity which uses chlorine bleach to soften and stress the style of the fabric becoming cleaned.
Boat Neck: A very wide neckline that operates throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where wide neck empowered fast removal when the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, though it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A way to eliminate extra lint and fibers from cotton material. Brushed cotton generally has a really smooth, sleek complete.
Burn-Out: An activity that utilizes sulfuric acidity or other strong acid to “burn-out” areas of a fabric knit, often a polyester/natural cotton mix. This process gives a see-through, very pure effect.
Cover Sleeves: Usually refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Co2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound made from two o2 atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Referred to as a “green house” gas due to the connection with global warming. A few t-shirt producers are actually measuring and documenting the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Have confidence in: Independent organization established in 2001 in Excellent Britain that monitors carbon dioxide emissions. The Carbon Trust works with companies to help reduce their carbon dioxide footprint, and today certifies companies and merchandise as using a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt businesses now produce “low carbon dioxide footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing process that eliminates brief materials and gets rid of dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be done by hand or by large devices using drum rollers. Carded-only natural cotton is not really as appealing as combed cotton.
Cellulase Clean: An additional name for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a smooth really feel as well as a classic appear, for the way the clean is carried out.
Cellulose: Produced from the cell walls of certain plants. Valuable in creating certain kinds of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is in fact rayon created from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts created using carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 line, generally knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have bad drapability. Used often as inexpensive marketing give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A term used to describe a company, procedure, or item that has zero impact on the Earth’s environment. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as climate natural.
Carbon dioxide: Fractional co2. A chemical substance made up of two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gas due to its relationship with climate change.
Colorfastness: The ability of any garment to resist multiple washings without having dropping its color.
Combed Cotton: A way to remove short fibers and also to organize longer materials parallel to produce a sleek, fine cotton yarn. Combed natural cotton has higher power, outstanding consistency, and much better hand. Combed natural cotton expenses more and it is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: An activity that compacts the space among natural cotton fiber wallets. Reduces shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Sewing with a different color compared to the outfit. Offers a great design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global business that offers certification solutions for many different applications–including many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Fabric Standard).
Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly elastic material using a smooth flat face and a more textured but consistent back. Typical weight per yard is all about 5.5 to 6 oz. Fundamental t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Fine natural cotton jersey is generally smoother and contains a lighter in weight per yard.
Cotton: An organic fiber that is the most widely used on earth for fabrics. Natural cotton materials are usually ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers create better cotton material. Types such as Pima and Egyptian, which feature materials going above 1.5 in ., are definitely more highly valued than regular types.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitted neck line. Most typical throat on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief body with it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Sewn: Utilized mostly on sleeve/base hems and describes a parallel row of sewing. This type of sewing gives sturdiness along with a cleanser, more completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Describes the way a material hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts which have great drape qualities feel better to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a longer back than front side.
Eco-Friendly: Very loose term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly useless in logically assessing an item. Preferred expression used by green washers.
Egyptian Natural cotton: Cotton manufactured in Egypt and highly valued because of its long duration of fiber. Apparel created using true Egyptian cotton is prized for its gentleness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Foundation: An authorized charity recognized in 2000 to help people who are suffering most from ecological abuses such as pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in natural cotton harvesting.
Enzyme Washed: A clean process using unique digestive enzymes to make a smooth complete and smooth turn to a material. Ages dyes to create a special turn to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is physically much less severe around the fabric in comparison to rock cleaning.
European Reduce: A style of t-shirt that is certainly narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full cut men’s t-t-shirt, dimension large, usually operates 22 inches throughout the chest area (calculated one inch below the sleeve). A men’s large Western reduce will run about 50 % an inch to 1 inch narrower, occasionally much more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and sewn in to a completed part of clothes.
Fair Work Connection: A not-for-profit business dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories globally. Functions to develop Program code of Work Methods, especially crucial in the clothing business where operating conditions have historically been so bad.
Fair Put on Base: A worldwide team committed to enhancing outfit workers’ lives all over the world. Works jointly with companies that create clothes and other sewn products and this be responsible for his or her supply sequence.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly elastic material using a sleek flat face along with a much more textured but uniform back. Fine cotton jersey is usually smoother and contains a lighter weight for each yard than normal natural cotton jersey. T-shirts created using fine cotton jersey possess a much better drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Usually created using 30s and better natural cotton line, and weighs about 4.3 oz for each square yard.
Installed Cut: Definitions vary, but typically a fitted reduce describes a reduce that flatters your body. Utilized frequently in women’s t-shirts, the middle section of the shirt will be tighter compared to top or bottom. General, the shirts operate narrower than a basic complete reduce.
Complete Reduce: A nice, roomy cut. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically regarded as full-cut, but you will find exclusions. Full Reduce differs from the thinner Western Slashes, Thin Slashes, and Installed Cuts.
Outfit Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been reduce and sewn right into a completed article of clothing.
Outfit Cleaned: A process where finished articles of clothes are washed, generally with added softeners to enhance the feel and appear from the material.
GMO Free: GMO means Genetically Modified Microorganisms. First used in the 1990s when consumers became concerned with genetically modified meals. Many companies now use the GMO totally free tag on everything from meals to natural fabrics, like natural cotton.
GOTS: Is short for Worldwide Natural Textile Standard. A task from the Worldwide Working Group. They have developed specifications to make sure organic standing of textiles, from your harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a reliable assurance towards the finish customer. An natural t-t-shirt that fits the standards can be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic saying used by marketing and advertising experts to promote items. Another preferred term of “green-washers,” who definitely are hopping in the environmental band wagon without the genuine commitment.
Eco-friendly-Washing: Take off on the phrase “white-colored-washing,” however in an ecological framework. Companies that green-clean are spending lip-service to ecological concerns to attract more business, but haven’t used any real actions to get ecologically accountable.
Hand: The way a material feels to touch. A fabric that feels soft and smooth is regarded as to possess a good hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for centuries, mostly as an commercial fabric. Newer processing methods are making it ideal for finer clothes, and now it is utilized in numerous clothing articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued because of its durability and strength.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt offering 2 or 3 control keys (sometimes approximately 5 buttons are employed, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either brief or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Wash: A way of rock cleaning where the stones are first drenched inside a solution of potassium permanganate. This process creates a frosted appearance to material.
Interlock Knit: A form of knit which is really soft and has a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are firmer, much more stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less elastic than rib knit. Found in really fine clothes.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is easily the most long lasting of knits. It is light bodyweight, and has fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was known as following the British Tropical island in the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey identifies Jersey Knit made out of fine natural cotton threads including 30s and 40s.
Knit: Describes how the interlocking loops of yarn that comprise fabric were created. There are lots of varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is often found in t-shirts and is easily the most durable of knits. It is light bodyweight, and contains fine straight ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs running down the fabric, whilst interlock knits are utilized in really fine materials. T-t-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle mass T-shirt: Sleeveless style t-t-shirt, however, not exactly a tank top. Fundamental t-t-shirt, just minus the sleeves. The shoulder band part is significantly wider than a regular tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A thin strip of material stitched over the seam running throughout the shoulders and throat area. It addresses the seam and appears a lot better than an uncovered stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder joint to shoulder joint taped.”
OekoTek 100: Accreditation from your International Oeko-Tex® Connection, which assures customers the clothing they purchase is chemical free and poses no danger to their health. Underneath the Oeko-Tex standard, clothing must be free from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, as well as other harmful chemical substances.
Natural Clothing: An expression very loosely used within the outfit business. It can mean anything from completely natural to as low as 6Percent natural. Frequently coupled with terms like Eco-Friendly, Eco-friendly, etc. Consumers should check the tags and confirm the materials used to see if some thing is definitely natural or otherwise.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown without having to use pesticides. Licensed natural natural cotton has become inspected to insure it is actually organic.
Organic Soil Connection: Established in 1946 by a small group of farmers, researchers and nutrition experts concerned about your relationship among harvesting practices and plant, animal, human being, and ecological wellness. The Organic Soil Connection developed the first natural specifications in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these standards.
Overdyed: An activity in which previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with the additional colour to produce a distinctive look.
Overall performance T: Term for t-shirts produced for sports athletes and outside fanatics. Performance Ts are seen as a their breathability, dampness wicking, fast drying out, and smell control abilities. Numerous performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can additionally be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of the absorbency and wicking qualities, have grown to be referred to as overall performance t-shirts, even though they do not dried out as fast as overall performance t-shirts manufactured from 100% polyester.
PFD: Means Ready For Dyeing. Marketed this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own appear with chemical dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of coloring that can cause a cleaned out, distressed look.
Pima Natural cotton: A natural cotton developed in the U.S. during the early 1900s to contend with Egyptian cotton. It features for a longer time materials and is also used often in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who assisted using the initially plants of the new natural cotton as it was first developed inside the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that can cause a waffle-type, fine textured surface. Utilized often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-created fiber produced from synthetic polymers. Used widely in clothing, particularly coupled with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the procedure of pre-shrinking material before it is cut and sewn. Sometimes it identifies a real completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks less after the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, however, particularly if dried out utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-T-shirt: Type of t-t-shirt offering sleeves that run directly to the collar. Usually sleeves really are a contrasting color from the entire body. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and therefore are preferred by users who would like maximum independence of motion. Baseball t-shirts usually come with a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-created fiber that uses plant cellulose as its primary ingredient. Rayon is very smooth, has outstanding drape, and it is very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by weighty straight ribs operating down the material. Rib knits are usually classified as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the width from the rib when compared to space between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space between each rib is the same width as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are doubly wide since the areas between. Rib knit is very stretchy and is also often used for t-t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank shirts.
Diamond ring Spun: Describes yarn produced by twisting and thinning a rope of natural cotton materials. The constant spinning generates a softer feel and more powerful yarn. Diamond ring-spun t-shirts are significantly softer to touch.
Ringer T: A t-t-shirt with coloured sleeve groups and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white-colored, with the armband sleeves and team necks in various colors.
Sand Clean: Identifies utilizing sand whilst washing a outfit or fabric to soften and distress it.
Silk Washed: Another phrase for silicon washed, which produces a very smooth and smooth finish to material, and in addition gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neck line that differs comprehensive. Preferred in women’s shirts.
Pure Jersey: Really light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 oz per yard. A bit stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder joint Adhesive tape: A slim strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and throat area. It addresses the seam and appearance much better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Generally identifies natural cotton apparel and also the amount it can be needed to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5Percent shrinkage can certainly be expected.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts using a seam operating down each and every part underneath the arm sleeves for the base hem. Part seamed t-shirts can be more expensive to manufacture.
Silicon Cleaned: Describes utilizing inert silicon within a washing procedure. Generates a very sleek and smooth complete to fabric, and in addition affords the material great draping qualities.
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Singlet: another phrase to get a men’s tank top.
Thin Cut: A style of t-shirt that is narrower than one usually finds. For example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches across the chest (calculated one ” underneath the sleeve). A slim reduce will operate about half an inch to 1 ” narrower, occasionally much more.
Stonewashed: A washing process that uses lava stones or sometimes silicon and rubber balls. This process makes material much softer and provides it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is utilized within this procedure.
Tank Top: T-Shirt seen as a thin shoulder bands without any sleeves. The title originated from the early phrase for swimming pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not real “tape,” but a slim strip of material stitched over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and throat area of t-shirts. It addresses the seam and appearance much better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Style:A design that has no part seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and directly. Tubular t-shirts are less costly to produce, and make up the majority of the less expensive t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard description are available for a unisex t-shirt, but generally speaking a unisex t-t-shirt consists of lighter weight, fine cotton jersey, part seamed, and never cut as full being a normal men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are certainly not extra short, like cover sleeves, but they are not full elbow measures either. Our bodies length is generally method/long. Nevertheless, you will find broad variants in unisex t-shirts, depending on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former You.S.S.R. satellite that became independent in 1991 and is well known for the cotton creation techniques, including compelled child labor and environmentally destructive methods. Ethical clothing companies boycott Uzbekistan natural cotton; however, a lot of companies don’t treatment and have refused to sign up for inside the boycott simply because Uzbekistan cotton is inexpensive.
V -Throat: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, depending on the design. Generally popular with women, but a superficial style v-throat is well-liked by men.
Viscose: Usually an additional name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Bodyweight: Generally expressed ounces for each square yard. A 5.5 oz bodyweight natural cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey natural cotton fabrics will often have lighter in weight weights, while coarser natural cotton xeprdh have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory phrase for any men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually identifies a simple white tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is dyed before it really is weaved in to a material.